Indigenous peoples in Canada

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Native American Studies: Digital Collections. Primary Sources Digital Collections. California Related Digital Collections Calisphere: University of California Calisphere provides free access to unique and historically important artifacts for research, teaching, and curious exploration. Discover over , photographs, documents, letters, artwork, diaries, oral histories, films, advertisements, musical recordings, and more. The collections on Calisphere have been digitized and contributed by all ten campuses of the University of California and other important libraries, archives, and museums throughout the state.

Native Americans are also commonly called American Indians (a misnomer of pipeline connecting the oil sands in Alberta, Canada to Steele City, Nebraska.

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Timeline of First Nations history

Native American women and girls are targeted at rates that far outweigh other American women, and are 10 times more likely to be murdered. Mon 13 Jan O n a warm summer day in , Lissa Yellow-bird Chase packed her vehicle with sunscreen, iPads, spiritual items and water.

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The history of First Nations is a prehistory and history of present-day Canada’s peoples from the earliest times to the present with a focus on First Nations. The pre-history settlement of the Americas is subject of ongoing debate as First Nations oral history, combined with new methodologies and technologies used by archaeologists, linguists, and other researchers, produce new and sometimes conflicting, evidence.

The Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal People described four stages in Canadian history that overlap and occur at different times in different regions: 1 Pre-contact — Different Worlds — Contact; 2 Early Colonies — ; 3 Displacement and Assimilation — ; and 4 Renewal to Constitutional Entrenchment The ancestral origins of caribou prior to the last glaciation Wisconsin , which occurred approximately 80, to 10, years ago, are not well understood, however, during the last glaciation it is known that caribou were abundant and distributed in non-glaciated refugia both north and south of the Laurentide Ice Sheet.

Note: The conclusions reached in Alberta on dates have not been accepted by the entire archaeology community. These groups appear to have been primarily big-game hunters who often moved over vast areas during their annual rounds while visiting preferred resources. Their stone tools can be found great distances from the sources of their raw material. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Indigenous cultures Indigenous personalities Country food Music. Traditional beliefs Inuit religion. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. Turtle Mountain.

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Today Canada is the most multi-cultural country in the world, and the home of immigrants of every ethnic and religious group from every country in the world. The words “Native” or “Indigenous” are also used, and mean the same thing. However, there are many different cultural groups. Each group referred to themselves by a specific name in their own language. For instance, the Inuit – colloquially know for years as Eskimos – have always referred to themselves as Inuit – the People.

Native American Studies: Digital Collections writings, and records relating to the American Indian Film Project, dating primarily from the First Nations people of Canada, the project seeks to broaden the definition of “Native.

Indigenous peoples have lived on the land we now call Canada for thousands of years, with their own unique cultures, identities, traditions, languages and institutions. Early partnerships between Indigenous nations and colonial governments were forged through treaties as well as trade and military alliances and were based on mutual respect and co-operation. Over many centuries these relationships were eroded by colonial and paternalistic policies that were enacted into laws. Canada has embarked on a journey of reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples.

It is a necessary journey to address a long history of colonialism and the scars it has left. Treaties provide a framework for living together and sharing the land Indigenous peoples traditionally occupied. These agreements provide foundations for ongoing co-operation and partnership as we move forward together to advance reconciliation. Honouring the treaty relationship and negotiating new treaties based on the recognition of rights, respect, co-operation and partnership, is key to achieving lasting reconciliation with Indigenous peoples.

The story of Canada is the story of many such peoples, trying and failing and trying again, to live together in peace and harmony. Treaties are agreements made between the Government of Canada, Indigenous groups and often provinces and territories that define ongoing rights and obligations on all sides. These agreements set out continuing treaty rights and benefits for each group. Treaty rights and Aboriginal rights commonly referred to as Indigenous rights are recognized and affirmed in Section 35 of the Constitution Act, and are also a key part of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples which the Government of Canada has committed to adopt.

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Many users have wondered what the difference is between terms like Native American , First Nations , Aboriginal , Indian , etc. First, some historical background. The indigenous peoples of the Americas arrived in North America via the Bering Strait land bridge, which existed approximately 15, years ago between Siberia and Alaska, and probably also via a succession of sea migrations from Asia. Indigenous Americans do not represent a single culture, language or identity, nor are they all descendants of a single people.

Thousands of ethnic groups and different languages have existed in the Americas; nearly 1, indigenous languages persist to this day.

Why are Native Americans(indigenous)looked down on in western Canadian was open to dating all other races except for Native American and east Indian.

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Native American Studies: Digital Collections

Indian status is the legal status of a person who is registered as an Indian under the Indian Act. Under the Indian Act , status Indians, also known as registered Indians, may be eligible for a range of benefits, rights, programs and services offered by the federal and provincial or territorial governments. If you think you might be eligible for Indian status and are ready to apply, start by consulting the eligibility requirements under Are you eligible to apply.

You may also wish to research your family history to help determine which application form you need to fill out. This will save time in the processing of your application.

Canada have maintained close cultural and family ties with Native American this confirms that the border crossing rights of First Nations peoples pre-date the​.

Native American literature , also called Indian literature or American Indian literature , the traditional oral and written literatures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. These include ancient hieroglyphic and pictographic writings of Middle America as well as an extensive set of folktales, myths , and oral histories that were transmitted for centuries by storytellers and that live on in the language works of many contemporary American Indian writers.

For a further discussion of the literature of the Americas produced in the period after European contact, see Latin American literature ; American literature ; Canadian literature ; Caribbean literature. Folktales have been a part of the social and cultural life of American Indian and Eskimo peoples regardless of whether they were sedentary agriculturists or nomadic hunters. As they gathered around a fire at night, Native Americans could be transported to another world through the talent of a good storyteller.

The effect was derived not only from the novelty of the tale itself but also from the imaginative skill of the narrator, who often added gestures and songs and occasionally adapted a particular tale to suit a certain culture. One adaptation frequently used by the storyteller was the repetition of incidents. The description of an incident would be repeated a specific number of times. The number of repetitions usually corresponded to the number associated with the sacred by the culture; whereas in Christian traditions, for instance, the sacred is most often counted in threes for the Trinity , in Native American traditions the sacred is most often associated with groups of four representing the cardinal directions and the deities associated with each or seven the cardinal directions and deities plus those of skyward, earthward, and centre.

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To support our nonprofit science journalism, please make a tax-deductible gift today. Two men found at the Yana Rhinoceros Horn Site in northern Siberia in Russia date to about 32, years ago, providing the earliest direct evidence of humans in the region. Indigenous Americans, who include Alaska Natives, Canadian First Nations, and Native Americans, descend from humans who crossed an ancient land bridge connecting Siberia in Russia to Alaska tens of thousands of years ago.

But scientists are unclear when and where these early migrants moved from place to place. Two new studies shed light on this mystery and uncover the most closely related Native American ancestor outside North America.

Native American dating used specific types of rituals and customs throughout history. Younger men and women weren’t allowed to choose their own partner or​.

The Plains Indian has been one of the most important and pervasive icons in American culture. Imagine him, for example, as a young man on horseback. Almost without effort, the image conjures up full-blown narratives of buffalo hunts and mounted warfare. Make the “he” into a young woman and imagine romantic tragedies of forced marriage and unrequited love. Make the Indian a wizened elder and see if you don’t think of spiritual wonder and almost superhuman ecological communion.

But don’t forget that real people peer up from the depths of such timeless images. And while the images can be easily moved to the Hollywood backlot, those real people are not so easily detached from the Great Plains themselves, for this difficult environment framed ongoing historical transformations in Native political organization, social relations, economy, and culture. Along with the nomadic bison hunting popularized in the movies, Native Americans engaged in raiding, trading, pastoralism, agriculture, diplomacy, politics, religious innovation and syncretism, warfare, migration, wage labor, lawsuits, lobbying, and gaming.

Through these adaptive strategies, the Plains peoples worked to protect and enhance their political power and their ability to sustain themselves economically, and to maintain their cultural distinctiveness. Although some peoples came to the Plains earlier than others, Native Americans have lived there for a long time. Evidence from the Agate Basin site in eastern Wyoming, for example, indicates that humans lived in the Plains at least as early as B.

Radiocarbon dating of material from the Lewisville site near Dallas, Texas, suggests Indians and their precursors may have been in the Plains for at least 38, years.

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Uneducated Pagans. Indeed, spreading Christianity to the benighted peoples of the New World was a prime rationale for European colonization. However, propagating the faith always took place within a broader cultural context peculiar to the nationality of the colonists involved. Of course it was arguably much more the result of European and Indian sexual intermingling than the monumental educational efforts jointly undertaken by the Catholic Church and the Spanish Crown.

Moreover, in the borderlands of Florida , Texas , and New Mexico , Spanish success at acculturating the Indians was limited at best.

Border crossing rights between the United States and Canada for Aboriginal People. Check the COVID page for up-to-date information! The reverse of this form lists “Native American Documentation” as one of the accepted forms of.

Native American dating used specific types of rituals and customs throughout history. Younger men and women weren’t allowed to choose their own partner or date around like modern day people do. Instead they spent time with people their father saw as acceptable and the father typically setup their relationships. The father looked for someone with power in the tribe or a strong warrior. The person may have met someone on their own, but their father had final say over the relationship. Some tribes, particularly the Sioux used a process of gift giving by the male.

As he courted the female, he brought her gifts though at times these gifts were meant for the whole family or just the father.

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What began as stickball, a native American Indian contest played by tribal warriors for training, recreation and religious reasons, has developed over the years into the interscholastic, professional and international sport of lacrosse. Lacrosse was started by the Native American Indians and was originally known as stickball. The game was initially played in the St.

Lawrence Valley area by the Algonquian tribe and they were followed by other tribes in the eastern half of North America, and around the western Great Lakes. The Native American games were seen as major events, which took place over several days.

1 Therefore Indian and Native American will be used interchangeably. information related to Indians in the United States, Canada, and Latin America. courses, and access to archived copies of the ASAIL’s newsletter dating back to

Native Americans, the indigenous peoples of what is now the mainland United States US , belong to hundreds of nations with different linguistic, social, cultural and economic traits. Native Americans live throughout the US, especially in the rural west, and most often speak English or their own traditional language. The majority were converted to Christianity in early colonial times, but some have always maintained traditional religious practices; traditional spirituality has experienced a revival in recent decades.

Native Americans are also commonly called American Indians a misnomer of historic proportions but a prevalent one , or by specific national designations such as Mohawk, Cree, Ojibwe Chippewa and Hopi. According to the Indigenous Language Institute, there were once more than Indigenous languages spoken in the United States, and there are currently Indigenous languages spoken still today. The Institute estimates that if efforts are not made to revitalize these languages, there will only be 20 Native American languages spoken by A typical source of defining Native American status is often based on blood ancestry, although Native Americans also emphasise the importance of language, culture and heritage.

In the past three decades, while the US government has restored limited recognition of Native American sovereignty, government-Native American relations are perhaps best described as those of internal neo-colonialism. Estimates of the pre-contact population range between 3 million and 12 million people, living in over different societies.

Each region had nations with distinct cultures, languages and lifestyles — from nomadic hunting bands in arid regions to large agricultural settlements on the coasts.

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